GFO Part I Basic Principles
           
  ontomed Theories Concepts Applications  
 
Ontological
Investigations
Conceptual
Modelling
Onto-Builder
 
 
Axiomatic
Foundations
Domain
Ontologies
Onco-Workstation
 
 
Metalogical
Analyses
Ontology
Languages
SOP-Creator
 
           
 
 

Onto-Med >> Theories >> GFO Part I Basic Principles

 
   


6 Basic Categories of Individuals

In this section we consider the most basic distinctions between individuals. Individuals are entities that are not instantiable, they are divided into space-time entities, concrete and abstract individuals. Concrete individuals exist in time or space whereas abstract individuals do not. Concrete individuals include this cup, or this hundred meter run, abstract individuals include the real number $\pi$ or the natural number $100$.

With regard to the relationship between individuals and time and space, there is the well-known philosophical distinction between endurants and processes.

An endurant is an individual that exists in time, but cannot be described as having temporal parts or phases; hence it is entirely present at every time-boundary of its existence and it persists through time. Processes, on the other hand, are extended in time; they unfold in time.



Subsections

Robert Hoehndorf 2006-10-18
 
       
     
     
     

   
     
     
       
 

deutsch   imise uni-leipzig ifi dep-of-formal-concepts