General Formal Ontology (GFO)
Processes are not directly related to space, but such a relation can
be derived from the process boundaries (which are
With material-structure processes, each boundary comprises
exactly one material structure , where denotes the
corresponding time-boundary. In this case, the convex
frame of the topoid occupied by can be
defined, denoted by (, . In order to assign some topoid to the overall
process we consider the convex closure of every frame which is
assigned to some for any time-boundary in the duration of the
With respect to quality processes, an
additional step has to be taken, because qualities do not exhibit a
direct relation to space. Therefore, for each boundary of the
quality process, one must determine the material structure the
quality inheres in. The construction for material-structure processes
can then be applied to these material structures.
For complex processes, which involve a system of material structures
and qualities, both approaches can be combined. First, the
inherence closure of all qualities in each
process boundary is derived. Then one can determine the convex closure
for each of the material structures found.
The final step integrates all topoids determined in this way within a
single convex closure, which is then assigned to the complex process
as its spatial location.